What is a case study?

A cases study is a research methodology that is used to account for an event based on real or hypothetical situations. Case studies are common in socials sciences where they are used to investigate a phenomenon in real life context. A case study will help you determine the decision you will take when you face complexities in real life. This is done by deeply analysing the reasons behind an underlying principle. The objective of a case study is to ensure that at the end of the study a decision is made on the situation. Using a case study, one can clarify on boundaries of a particular phenomenon that was initially unclear. When there has been previous research on the topic, a case study will come in to solidify on the information gathered in previous works.

Case studies are beneficial in several ways first it is essential in helping people evaluate problems they encounter and come up with decisions to solve different problems. It also equips the person conducting the study with problem-solving skills by teaching them how to think along the terms of the problem.  Through case studies, researchers develop new insight on different concepts. Researchers have the opportunity to learn new perception and understanding of things. Analyzing a case study will help you practice your knowledge and thinking skills and incorporate these skills into real-life situations. From these skills, you will be able to apply reason and draw valid conclusions. Case studies also simulate potential research. The findings gathered from a case study could lead to research in the case study field. The information discovered after a case study is conducted opens eyes to some of the existing problems surrounding the case study topic.

Sometimes case studies critique existing ideas and theories. A case study can be set out to prove a theory wrong, and this provides people with the new and accurate knowledge. This is a good way to learn new concepts by contradicting existing ones. Case studies enable the intense study to be conducted on a particular case study. Through intense research and thorough analysis, one can uncover detailed information on a case study topic.

Analysis of a case study is done by describing and exploring individuals, policies and events using one or more methodologies.  When a case study is conducted, the phenomenon is thoroughly analysed, and the results of the study are interpreted and presented. This is done to provide an understanding of a complex topic. A good case study is drawn from real life; this makes it easy for the reader to relate to it. In the case study, there are different parts wherein each problem is presented and discussed.

When writing a study on a specific topic, it is important to have in-depth knowledge on the topic of study. This will help you come up with a comprehensive exploration of the stud and also relevant theories.

It is important to learn how to write a case study because at some point you may need it. Before writing a case study, it would be helpful to develop a system that you will use when writing the case study. There are some steps that you should keep in mind if you want you to develop a good case study. To be able to come up with a good case study you should devise a plan that you will use to implement the study. Some of the significant steps of conducting a case study are as follows:

Identify and define your case study type.

Decide on the topic you will base your case study on; point out what needs to be addressed in your case study. There are various case studies you can choose to explore, but it is recommendable to choose a study type that will aid you in thoroughly analysing the case. Ensure the case study will help you uncover facts that other people have not discovered. Once you have identified the case study you are focusing on, you can try developing questions on the topic. The questions will direct you to where you should focus your study, and where you can look for evidence for your study. Question yourself on the how you can identify the underlying problem and more so, the urgency of the problem. You should also identify the goal of your study and what the case study is focused on investigating.


The key to having a good case study all depends on the research you conduct. The exhaustive research will help you come up with new information and knowledge that has not been explored. An outstanding case study contains fresh and intriguing ideas and information. To achieve this, you should go through sufficient resources; make use of published works and also online resources to find as much information as you can about the case. You can also look at previous cases on the similar situation and what the studies concluded.

Choose the methodology you will use

Select the methods you will use to analyse your case. You can choose to have one or more methods but ensure the method you select will help you narrow down your extensive case study into manageable parts.  Determine the tools you will use to examine your case study in depth. After choosing the technique, you can identify with the subjects of your case. If you are using interviews as a methodology; try to engage with the interviewees before to create a comfortable environment for them. Once the interviewees ease up to you, they will be willing to give information without holding back. Other techniques you and incorporate to conduct your research include; conducting surveys, observation and documentation review.

Collect data

Gather as much data as you can on the case, using different methodologies allows you to get different perspectives on your case. Be specific when collecting your data to ensure you gather more information. After collecting the data, you can begin analysing it. Collection of data includes gathering both qualitative and also qualitative data which could be overwhelming to the researcher, and that is why it is necessary to organise the data systematically. Organize the data in one place and sort it out identifying the relevant information from what the unnecessary information. Consider how you will narrow down the bulky information you collected into smaller sections that you can manage with ease. Use the information to help you come up with a thesis statement. With the information, you have come up with at least two to three sentences that define the problem of your case study.

Develop your case study.

A case study mainly has four parts, the introduction, background information, the findings and the conclusion. Develop a plan of how you will incorporate the information you gathered from your research and analysis of these four parts. Write the introduction, while keeping it brief and concise. Point out the problem your case study is analysing and briefly explain how you plan on solving the problem. Include some background information about the case you can point out the relevance of your case and how it would be significant to your audience. Provide your readers with information that will help them get a better understanding of your case study.

You can now present your data and findings. Provide the lessons you learnt from the study related to the problem at hand. Present your thoughts on the information you gathered.  All the claims you present should be supported by concrete evidence. This will build on your arguments and give your claims credibility.  The reader will have confidence in your work when you back up your statement and also communicate the boundaries of your case. After completing the analysis provide possible solutions for the study problem. You can finish up by giving your recommendation on the problem. While providing your recommendation ensure you justify why you came up with that conclusion

When giving a report of your study it is essential to acknowledge the participants of your study and also mentioned some of the challenges you faced when conducting the study.

Cite your case study

Reference all the sources you used aid you conduct your study.  Make a list of all the resources you used during your research. If there is a source you used to obtain information used in writing the study ensure you credit the author. Ensure you use the reference style you used when writing the case study. You can include appendices if here are words that a reader would have problems understanding.

Edit your work

The format, flow and structure of your case study should be flawless. Go through your work to ensure you have used the correct format and correct any spelling and punctuation errors you may have made while writing. Technical errors might distract a reader looking at your case study so you must proofread your work to ensure it is perfect. You can use spell check software to help you pinpoint any errors you made.

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